Direct-imaging discovery of a 12-14 Jupiter-mass object orbiting a young binary system of very low-mass stars
Delorme, P., Gagné, J., Girard, J. H., Lagrange, A. M., Chauvin, G., Naud, M.-E., Lafrenière, D., Doyon, R., Riedel, A., Bonnefoy, M. & Malo, L., 2013, A&A, vol. 553, p. 770-780
Context. Though only a handful of extrasolar planets have been discovered via direct-imaging, each of these discoveries had a tremendous impact on our understanding of planetary formation, stellar formation, and cool atmosphere physics. Aims: Since many of these newly imaged giant planets orbit massive A or even B stars, we investigate whether giant planets could be found orbiting low-mass stars at large separations. Methods: We have been conducting an adaptive optic imaging survey to search for planetary-mass compan- ions of young M dwarfs in the solar neigbourhood, in order to probe different initial conditions of planetary formation. Results: We report here the direct-imaging discovery of 2MASS J01033563-5515561(AB)b, a 12-14 MJup companion at a projected separation of 84 AU from a pair of young late-M stars, with which it shares proper motion. We also detected a Keplerian-compatible orbital motion. Conclusions: This young L-type object at the planet/brown dwarf mass boundary is the first ever imaged around a binary system at a separation compatible with formation in a disc. Based on observations obtained with NACO on VLT UT-4 at ESO-Paranal (runs 090.C-0698(A) and 70.D-0444(A).